A partial chest phantom was constructed to compare two commonly employed radiographic techniques, 70 kVp without a grid and 120 kVp with a grid, for the detection of pulmonary nodules. The phantom consisted of human ribs embedded in paraffin, the lungs of a dog injected with silicone rubber, a tissue equivalent wax heart and beeswax nodules. The nodules ranged in size from 3-7 mm. A series of 120 films was exposed, half with each technique, and the films were interpreted by three senior residents and seven staff radiologists. More nodules of all sizes except 3 mm were detected with the 120 kVp technique. The 3 mm nodules were rarely detected with cither technique. The disadvantages of the 120 kVp technique were an approximate 50 percent increase in patient exposures and almost twice as many false-positive nodule detections.
- Chest phantom
- Radiographic technique
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging