Group alliance and cohesion as predictors of drug and alcohol abuse treatment outcomes

J. Arthur Gillaspy, Anna R. Wright, Catherine Campbell, Sandra Stokes, Bryon Adinoff

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although the alliance between therapist and client in individual therapy is generally considered a significant predictor of treatment success, little is known about how alliance in group therapy affects outcome. We assessed the relationship between group alliance, as measured by the Group Therapy Alliance Scale (GTAS), and group cohesion, as measured by the cohesion scale of the Group Atmosphere Scale (GAS-C) and therapy outcome. Clients were 49 men attending group therapy 3 times per week in a 21-day intensive, residential substance abuse treatment program. Outcome was determined at 30 days after discharge. Although GTAS and GASC scores were significantly correlated (r = .66), only group alliance was predictive of client ratings of reduced psychological distress. Neither group alliance nor cohesion was significantly associated with decreased consequences of drug and alcohol use or depressive symptomology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)213-229
Number of pages17
JournalPsychotherapy Research
Volume12
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2002

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Group Psychotherapy
Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Therapeutics
Atmosphere
Alcohols
Psychology
Pharmaceutical Preparations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)
  • Clinical Psychology

Cite this

Gillaspy, J. A., Wright, A. R., Campbell, C., Stokes, S., & Adinoff, B. (2002). Group alliance and cohesion as predictors of drug and alcohol abuse treatment outcomes. Psychotherapy Research, 12(2), 213-229. https://doi.org/10.1093/ptr/12.2.213

Group alliance and cohesion as predictors of drug and alcohol abuse treatment outcomes. / Gillaspy, J. Arthur; Wright, Anna R.; Campbell, Catherine; Stokes, Sandra; Adinoff, Bryon.

In: Psychotherapy Research, Vol. 12, No. 2, 01.06.2002, p. 213-229.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Gillaspy, JA, Wright, AR, Campbell, C, Stokes, S & Adinoff, B 2002, 'Group alliance and cohesion as predictors of drug and alcohol abuse treatment outcomes', Psychotherapy Research, vol. 12, no. 2, pp. 213-229. https://doi.org/10.1093/ptr/12.2.213
Gillaspy, J. Arthur ; Wright, Anna R. ; Campbell, Catherine ; Stokes, Sandra ; Adinoff, Bryon. / Group alliance and cohesion as predictors of drug and alcohol abuse treatment outcomes. In: Psychotherapy Research. 2002 ; Vol. 12, No. 2. pp. 213-229.
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