We developed a novel model for studying hyperparathyroidism by growing ex vivo 3-dimensional human parathyroids as part of a microphysiological system (MPS) that mimics human physiology. The purpose of this study was to validate the parathyroid portion of the MPS. We prospectively collected parathyroid tissue from 46 patients with hyperparathyroidism for growth into pseudoglands. We evaluated pseudogland architecture and calcium responsiveness. Following 2 weeks in culture, dispersed cells successfully coalesced into pseudoglands ∼500-700 μm in diameter that mimicked the appearance of normal parathyroid glands. Functionally, they also appeared similar to intact parathyroids in terms of organization and calcium-sensing receptor expression. Immunohistochemical staining for calcium-sensing receptor revealed 240-450/cell units of mean fluorescence intensity within the pseudoglands. Finally, the pseudoglands showed varying levels of calcium responsiveness, indicated by changes in parathyroid hormone (PTH) levels. In summary, we successfully piloted the development of a novel MPS for studying the effects of hyperparathyroidism on human organ systems. We are currently evaluating the effect of PTH on adverse remodeling of tissue engineered cardiac, skeletal, and bone tissue within the MPS.
- Engineered tissue
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