Guideline based eligibility for primary prevention statin therapy – Insights from the North India ST-elevation myocardial infarction registry (NORIN-STEMI)

Sameer Arora, Arman Qamar, Puneet Gupta, Michael Hendrickson, Avinainder Singh, Muthiah Vaduganathan, Ambarish Pandey, Ankit Bansal, Vishal Batra, Saibal Mukhopadhyay, Jamal Yusuf, Sanjay Tyagi, M. P. Girish, Prashant Kaul, Deepak L. Bhatt, Mohit Gupta

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Current risk scores to estimate atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) risk and allocate statins in at-risk persons have largely been developed in Western populations; their applicability in India is uncertain. Objective: To assess eligibility for primary prevention statin therapy using the 2018 U.S Multisociety Guideline and other contemporary cholesterol guidelines in patients presenting with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in the North India STEMI (NORIN-STEMI) registry. Methods: NORIN-STEMI registry prospectively enrolled 3,635 patients at 2 tertiary care centers in Delhi, India from January 2019 to February 2020. Pooled cohort risk equations were used to estimate ASCVD risk at presentation. Patients were evaluated for statin eligibility using the 2018 U.S Multisociety Guideline, United States Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF), and National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP) III cholesterol guidelines. Results: A total of 2,551 met the inclusion criteria. The median age was 54 years; 17% were women. The median ASCVD risk was 7.0%. At the time of MI, 54% of patients were eligible for primary prevention statin therapy by Multisociety Guideline, 46% by USPSTF, and 30% by NCEP III guidelines. These findings were applicable in both women and men. Compared with patients aged ≥50 years, those <50 years were less likely to be recommended statin therapy by all the three guidelines. Conclusion: A significant proportion of patients with STEMI in India did not meet the current guideline-based threshold for statin therapy for primary prevention. Novel risk stratification tools are needed to identify patients for primary prevention statin therapy in this population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Clinical Lipidology
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2022

Keywords

  • 2018 U.S. Multisociety Guideline
  • Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease
  • Low Density Lipoprotein
  • NORIN-STEMI
  • National Cholesterol Education Program
  • Pooled cohort equation
  • United States Preventive Services Task Force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Guideline based eligibility for primary prevention statin therapy – Insights from the North India ST-elevation myocardial infarction registry (NORIN-STEMI)'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this