Abstract

Background: The revised World Health Organization classification of central nervous system tumors, published in 2016, has recognized the H3 K27M mutation as a critical genetic signature defining a new group of infiltrative astrocytomas designated as diffuse midline glioma, H3 K27M mutant. Although most H3 K27M mutations arise in the setting of diffusely infiltrative tumors, there are rare reports of compact tumors with low-grade histologic features harboring this mutation. The prevalence and clinical significance of this mutation in pilocytic astrocytomas remain unclear. Case Description: We report 2 young adult patients with H3 K27M–mutated thalamic pilocytic astrocytomas who presented to medical attention with symptomatic hydrocephalus requiring urgent intervention. We present our experience with this unusual tumor and recommend a treatment paradigm of maximal safe surgical resection followed by chemotherapy and radiation. Conclusions: Stereotactic biopsies may undergrade some adult thalamic pilocytic astrocytomas. Therefore, we recommend that all these tumors be evaluated for the H3 K27M mutation. Further, we think H3 K27M–mutant thalamic pilocytic astrocytomas require aggressive multimodality treatment and these treatments should be guided by the molecular findings, as opposed to the histologic ones.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)87-92
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
Volume124
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019

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Keywords

  • Anaplasia
  • Chemotherapy
  • H3 K27M mutation
  • Pilocytic astrocytoma
  • Radiation
  • Surgery
  • Thalamic

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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