HBD3 induces PD-L1 expression on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines

Maria Paula Gomez Hernandez, Amber M. Bates, Emily E. Starman, Emily A. Lanzel, Carissa Comnick, Xian Jin Xie, Kim A. Brogden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Human β-defensin 3 (HBD3) is an antimicrobial peptide up-regulated in the oral tissues of individuals with head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) and oral squamous cell carcinomas (SCC) and present in high concentrations in their saliva. In this study, we determined if HBD3 contributes to HNSCC pathogenesis by inducing programmed death-ligand 1 (PD-L1) expression on HNSCC cell lines. For this, SCC cell lines SCC4, SCC15, SCC19, SCC25, and SCC99 (5.0 × 104 viable cells) were used. Cells were incubated with IFNγ (0.6 µM) and HBD3 (0.2, 2.0, or 20.0 µM) for 24 h. Cells alone served as controls. Cells were then treated with anti-human APC-CD274 (PD-L1) and Live/Dead Fixable Green Dead Cell Stain. Cells treated with an isotype antibody and cells alone served as controls. All cell suspensions were analyzed in a LSR II Violet Flow Cytometer. Cytometric data was analyzed using FlowJo software. Treatment with IFNγ (0.6 µM) increased the number of cells expressing PD-L1 (p < 0.05) with respect to controls. Treatment with HBD3 (20.0 µM) also increased the number of cells expressing PD-L1 (p < 0.05) with respect to controls. However, treatment with IFNγ (0.6 µM) was not significantly different from treatment with HBD3 (20.0 µM) and the numbers of cells expressing PD-L1 were similar (p = 1). Thus, HBD3 increases the number of cells expressing PD-L1. This is a novel concept, but the role HBD3 contributes to HNSCC pathogenesis by inducing PD-L1 expression in tumors will have to be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number161
JournalAntibiotics
Volume8
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • Carcinoma
  • Defensin
  • HBD3
  • HNSCC
  • Oral cancer
  • PD-L1
  • SCC

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Biochemistry
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'HBD3 induces PD-L1 expression on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Hernandez, M. P. G., Bates, A. M., Starman, E. E., Lanzel, E. A., Comnick, C., Xie, X. J., & Brogden, K. A. (2019). HBD3 induces PD-L1 expression on head and neck squamous cell carcinoma cell lines. Antibiotics, 8(4), [161]. https://doi.org/10.3390/antibiotics8040161