Oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma caused by transcriptionally active human papillomavirus (HPV) is now well established as a unique form of head and neck cancer. Given the high frequency of metastasis to cervical lymph nodes by HPV-positive oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinomas, fine-needle aspiration (FNA) represents a widely accepted method for the sampling and diagnosis of these cancers. The recently published College of American Pathologists Guideline (2017) provides recommendations for the effective performance and interpretation of high-risk (HR) HPV testing in head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC), including testing on FNA samples of metastatic HNSCC to cervical lymph nodes. There is a wide range of options available for HR-HPV testing in cytologic specimens.
- Head and neck cytopathology
- Head and neck squamous cell carcinoma
- Human papillomavirus
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine