Headache medicine meets neuro-ophthalmology: exam techniques and challenging cases

Deborah I. Friedman, Kathleen B. Digre

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Scopus citations


The neuro-ophthalmology examination is critical to anyone who sees patients with the common symptom of headache. By examining the visual acuity, pupils, visual fields, motility, and fundus, clues to both secondary causes of headache and primary headaches exist. In this review, we discuss how to do the neuro-ophthalmology examination and we review cases of primary and secondary headache where key features of the examination assisted in making the correct diagnosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)703-716
Number of pages14
Issue number4
StatePublished - Apr 1 2013


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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