Health Beliefs and Co-morbidities Associated with Appointment-Keeping Behavior Among HCV and HIV/HCV Patients

Pooja Pundhir, Carol S North, Oluwatomilade Fatunde, Mamta Jain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Appointment-keeping behavior is an important requisite for HCV linkage and treatment initiation. In this study we examine what impact hepatitis C (HCV) knowledge and attitudes has on appointment-keeping behavior among a cohort of HCV and HCV/HIV patients. Knowledge scores and attitude scales, obtained from a cross-sectional survey, were correlated with proportion of appointments kept 1 year prior to taking the survey. Independent risk factors for missing appointments were examined by multiple regression analysis. 292 HCV patients completed the survey, and 149 (51 %) were co-infected with HIV. HCV patients kept 67.5 ± 17.4 % of their total appointments and a similar proportion (67 ± 38.2) of Liver Clinic appointments, but they attended a higher proportion (73 ± 24.4) of Primary Care Clinic appointments. However, certain health beliefs, psychiatric illness, and HIV co-infection were independently associated with lower levels of appointment-keeping behavior. HCV knowledge was not associated with appointment-keeping behavior. Health beliefs, psychiatric illness, and HIV co-infection are associated with missing appointments, but no link between knowledge and appointment keeping behavior is apparent. In order to increase engagement into HCV care, HCV care coordination programs need to focus on addressing health beliefs and providing resources to those at highest risk for missing appointments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)30-37
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2016

Keywords

  • Appointment-keeping behavior
  • HCV
  • Health beliefs
  • HIV

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health(social science)

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