Health Care Workers as Source of Hepatitis B and C Virus Transmission

Abigail L. Carlson, Trish M. Perl

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Transmission of hepatitis B and C from health care workers to patients remains rare in developed medical care systems but may be more common in systems that are still developing. Since the 1970s, at least 69 health care workers infected with hepatitis B or C have been implicated in transmission of their infection. This likely underestimates the magnitude of the problem. In this article, risk factors associated with transmission are reviewed and infection prevention and control practices outlined. Management of infected providers is also discussed. National guidelines are compared, highlighting different countries' approaches to this complex challenge.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-168
Number of pages16
JournalClinics in Liver Disease
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 1 2010

Keywords

  • Health care worker
  • Hepatitis B
  • Hepatitis C
  • Nosocomial transmission

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology

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