Health insurance status as a barrier to ideal cardiovascular health for U.S. adults: Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES)

Michael A. McClurkin, Leah Rae Yingling, Colby Ayers, Rebecca Cooper-McCann, Visakha Suresh, Ann Nothwehr, Debbie S. Barrington, Tiffany M. Powell-Wiley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Little is known about the association between cardiovascular (CV) health and health insurance status. We hypothesized that U.S. adults without health insurance coverage would have a lower likelihood of ideal cardiovascular health. Methods and Results: Using National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) data from 2007-2010, we examined the relationship between health insurance status and ideal CV health in U.S. adults aged ≥19 years and <65 (N = 3304). Ideal CV health was defined by the American Heart Association (AHA) as the absence of clinically manifested CV disease and the simultaneous presence of 6-7 "ideal" CV health factors and behaviors. Logistic regression modeling was used to determine the relationship between health insurance status and the odds of ideal CV health. Of the U.S. adult population, 5.4% attained ideal CV health, and 23.5% were without health insurance coverage. Those without health insurance coverage were more likely to be young (p<0.0001), male (p<0.0001), non-white (p<0.0001), with less than a high school degree (p<0.0001), have a poverty-to-income ratio less than 1 (p<0.0001) and unemployed (p<0.0001) compared to those with coverage. Lack of health insurance coverage was associated with a lower likelihood of ideal CV health; however, this relationship was attenuated by socioeconomic status. Conclusions: U.S. adults without health insurance coverage are less likely to have ideal CV health. Population-based strategies and interventions directed at the community-level may be one way to improve overall CV health and reach this at-risk group.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere0141534
JournalPloS one
Volume10
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 4 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)
  • General

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