Individuals living with traumatic brain injury (TBI) are at an increased risk for developing chronic conditions such as diabetes, heart disease, and hypertension compared to the non-injured population. Furthermore, TBI-specific challenges such as physical limitations, pain, mood, and impaired cognition make it difficult to live a healthy lifestyle. Key health behaviors that contribute to overall health and well-being after TBI include physical activity and healthy eating, sleep, participation, eliminating substance abuse, and managing stress. The objectives of this narrative are to (1) describe the key components of a healthy lifestyle for individuals with a TBI, (2) identify the challenges that individuals with TBI face when attempting to establish these health behaviors, and (3) discuss approaches and supports to achieve these health behaviors after TBI, including the role of self-management.
- health lifestyle
- Traumatic brain injury
- well-being; physical activity; nutrition, sleep; substance abuse; participation; managing stress
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Neuroscience (miscellaneous)
- Developmental and Educational Psychology
- Clinical Neurology