Helicobacter pylori does not migrate from the antrum to the corpus in response to omeprazole

David Y. Graham, Robert Genta, Dolores G. Evans, Rita Reddy, Jill E. Clarridge, Carol A. Olson, A. L. Edmonds, Nancy Siepman

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Abstract

Background: Omeprazole is known to have an effect on Helicobacter pylori in vivo. One opinion is that H. pylori 'migrates' from the antrum to the corpus in response to omeprazole therapy. Methods: To determine whether H. pylori migrates in response to omeprazole, we assessed the presence of H. pylori in the antrum and corpus in duodenal ulcer patients receiving omeprazole for 4 wk. Culture and histological examination of antral biopsies (Genta stain) were performed before patients received omeprazole, at the end of therapy, and 4-6 wk later. The end points were presence or absence of H. pylori and the number of H. pylori colonies per biopsy. Results: Seventy-two patients had H. pylori in both the antrum and corpus at entry and 4-6 wk after ending therapy. Three general patterns were prevalent at the end of omeprazole therapy: antrum- and corpus-positive (54%), antrum-negative and corpus-positive (24%), both antrum- and corpus-negative (21%), and one patient had antrum-positive with corpus-negative (1%). Evaluation of the number of colonies per biopsy in those who remained H. pylori-positive in both the antrum and corpus throughout showed that the number of H. pylori decreased in both the antrum and corpus during therapy (507 ± 60 vs. 225 ± 51, p < 0.0l and 415 ± 58 vs. 290 ± 46 0.1) for antrum and corpus, respectively, and tended to return to pre-therapy levels 4-6 wk later. The number of H. pylori in the corpus also decreased in the antrum-negative and corpus-positive group during therapy with omeprazole (433 ± 87 vs. 185 ± 61, p < 0.05). In most of the patients studied, the number of H. pylori in the corpus was less posttreatment than it was pretreatment. The decrease in H. pylori load was also reflected in the development of false-negative urea breath tests. Conclusions: Omeprazole is detrimental to H. pylori in both the antrum and the corpus; migration from the antrum to the corpus in response to omeprazole is a myth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2120-2124
Number of pages5
JournalAmerican Journal of Gastroenterology
Volume91
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1 1996

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology

Cite this

Graham, D. Y., Genta, R., Evans, D. G., Reddy, R., Clarridge, J. E., Olson, C. A., Edmonds, A. L., & Siepman, N. (1996). Helicobacter pylori does not migrate from the antrum to the corpus in response to omeprazole. American Journal of Gastroenterology, 91(10), 2120-2124.