Heme oxygenase-1 regulates inflammation and mycobacterial survival in human macrophages during mycobacterium tuberculosis infection

Caitlyn R. Scharn, Angela C. Collins, Vidhya R. Nair, Chelsea E. Stamm, Denise K. Marciano, Edward A. Graviss, Michael U. Shiloh

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22 Scopus citations


Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis, is responsible for 1.5 million deaths annually. We previously showed that M. tuberculosis infection in mice induces expression of the CO-producing enzyme heme oxygenase (HO1) and that CO is sensed by M. tuberculosis to initiate a dormancy program. Further, mice deficient in HO1 succumb to M. tuberculosis infection more readily than do wild-type mice. Although mouse macrophages control intracellular M. tuberculosis infection through several mechanisms, such as NO synthase, the respiratory burst, acidification, and autophagy, how human macrophages control M. tuberculosis infection remains less well understood. In this article, we show that M. tuberculosis induces and colocalizes with HO1 in both mouse and human tuberculosis lesions in vivo, and that M. tuberculosis induces and colocalizes with HO1 during primary human macrophage infection in vitro. Surprisingly, we find that chemical inhibition of HO1 both reduces inflammatory cytokine production by human macrophages and restricts intracellular growth of mycobacteria. Thus, induction of HO1 by M. tuberculosis infection may be a mycobacterial virulence mechanism to enhance inflammation and bacterial growth.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4641-4649
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Immunology
Issue number11
StatePublished - Jun 1 2016


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

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