Objectives. Laparoscopic partial nephrectomy (LPN) has generally been reserved for small exophytic lesions because of the limited hemostatic capabilities when excising large segments of renal parenchyma. To overcome this problem, we investigated a technique of laparoscopic reversible, regional hypoperfusion using a cable-tie to minimize blood loss and optimize exposure. Methods. Ten domestic pigs underwent LPN after securing a cable-tie around one pole of the kidney and tightening it until the distal parenchymal surface blanched completely. Eight large amputations involving the collecting system and eight smaller amputations excluding the collecting system were performed using laparoscopic scissors. Fibrin glue was applied to seal the cut surface prior to cable-tie removal. Four pigs (4 large and 4 small amputations) were killed immediately and methylene blue was injected retrograde into the ureter to identify collecting system leaks. The remaining 6 pigs (4 large and 4 small amputations) were killed 4 weeks later and retrograde urograms were performed to assess collecting system integrity. Results. Median cable-tie ischemia time was 15 minutes (range 7 to 48) and median blood loss was 30 mL (range 10 to 300). In each case, hemostasis was attained with fibrin glue. In the survival group, all 4 small amputations healed with a fibrotic scar. In the large amputation group, 1 animal died from urinary extravasation on postoperative day 4. The collecting systems of the remaining 3 pigs sealed completely. Conclusions. In the porcine model, cable-tie-assisted LPN provides an almost bloodless surgical field that facilitates rapid resection of large renal segments and hemostasis during a short ischemic period. We anticipate that this technique will broaden the clinical application of LPN.
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