Introduction: Transfusion-dependent anemia and iron overload are associatedwith reduced survival in myelodysplastic syndrome (MDS). This cross-sectional study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of hepatic and cardiac overload in patients with MDS as measured by T2* magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), and its correlation with survival. Methods: MDS or chronic myelomonocytic leukemia patients had iron overload evaluated by T2* MRI. HIO was considered when hepatic iron concentration ≥ 2 g/mg. Cardiac iron overload was considered with a T2*-value < 20 ms. Results: Among 71 patients analyzed, median hepatic iron concentration was 3.9 g/mg (range 0.9–16 g/mg), and 68%of patients had hepatic iron overload. Patients with hepatic iron overload had higher mean ferritin levels (1182 ng/mL versus 185 ng/mL, p < 0.0001), transferrin saturation (76% versus 34%, p < 0.0001) and lower survival rates. Median cardiac T2*value was 42 ms (range 19.7–70.1 ms), and only one patienthad a T2* value indicative of cardiac iron overload. Conclusions: Hepatic iron overload is found in two thirds of patients, even in cases without laboratory signs of iron overload. Hepatic iron overload by T2* MRI is associated with a decreased risk of survival in patients with MDS.
- Iron overload
- Magnetic resonance
- Myelodysplastic-myeloproliferative diseases
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research