Hepatic entrapment of esterified cholesterol drives continual expansion of whole body sterol pool in lysosomal acid lipase-deficient mice

Adam M. Lopez, Kenneth S. Posey, Joyce J. Repa, Stephen D. Turley, Amal Aqul, Anna M. Taylor, Joyce J. Repa, Dennis K. Burns, Anna M. Taylor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cholesteryl ester storage disease (CESD) results from loss-of-function mutations in LIPA, the gene that encodes lysosomal acid lipase (LAL). Hepatomegaly and deposition of esterified cholesterol (EC) in multiple organs ensue. The present studies quantitated rates of synthesis, absorption, and disposition of cholesterol, and whole body cholesterol pool size in a mouse model of CESD. In 50-day-old lal−/− and matching lal+/+ mice fed a low-cholesterol diet, whole animal cholesterol content equalled 210 and 50 mg, respectively, indicating that since birth the lal−/− mice sequestered cholesterol at an average rate of 3.2 mg•day−1•animal−1. The proportion of the body sterol pool contained in the liver of the lal−/− mice was 64 vs. 6.3% in their lal+/+ controls. EC concentrations in the liver, spleen, small intestine, and lungs of the lal−/− mice were elevated 100-, 35-, 15-, and 6-fold, respectively. In the lal−/− mice, whole liver cholesterol synthesis increased 10.2-fold, resulting in a 3.2-fold greater rate of whole animal sterol synthesis compared with their lal+/+ controls. The rate of cholesterol synthesis in the lal−/− mice exceeded that in the lal+/+ controls by 3.7 mg•day−1•animal−1. Fractional cholesterol absorption and fecal bile acid excretion were unchanged in the lal−/− mice, but their rate of neutral sterol excretion was 59% higher than in their lal+/+ controls. Thus, in this model, the continual expansion of the body sterol pool is driven by the synthesis of excess cholesterol, primarily in the liver. Despite the severity of their disease, the median life span of the lal−/− mice was 355 days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)G836-G847
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Gastrointestinal and Liver Physiology
Volume307
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 15 2014

Keywords

  • Cholesterol synthesis
  • Esterified cholesterol
  • Hepatomegaly
  • Lysosomal storage disease
  • Sterol balance

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Hepatology
  • Gastroenterology
  • Physiology (medical)

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