PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection remains the leading indication for liver transplant, and viral eradication prior to liver transplant to prevent disease recurrence has traditionally been challenging because of the poor tolerability and efficacy of available therapies. However, with the recent introduction of potent interferon (IFN)-free direct acting antiviral regimens, viral eradication prior to liver transplant is now possible.
RECENT FINDINGS: Although data are limited, several proof of concept studies have now shown high rates of safety and efficacy in patients with compensated as well as mild-to-moderately decompensated cirrhosis. Although, treatment on the liver transplant waiting list can safely prevent postliver transplant recurrence in selected patients, the ideal regimen and treatment duration have yet to be determined.
SUMMARY: Although IFN-free therapies represent a tremendous advance in our ability to cure this previously difficult to treat population, additional data on the safety of these regimens, particularly in patients with severely decompensated cirrhosis, the consequences of virologic failure and the impact of viral eradication on short- and long-term liver function are urgently needed.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy