Hepatocytes Deficient in Nuclear Envelope Protein Lamina-associated Polypeptide 1 are an Ideal Mammalian System to Study Intranuclear Lipid Droplets

Cecilia Östlund, Antonio Hernandez-Ono, Samantha J. Turk, William T. Dauer, Henry N. Ginsberg, Howard J. Worman, Ji Yeon Shin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lipid droplets (LDs) are generally considered to be synthesized in the ER and utilized in the cytoplasm. However, LDs have been observed inside nuclei in some cells, although recent research on nuclear LDs has focused on cultured cell lines. To better understand nuclear LDs that occur in vivo, here we examined LDs in primary hepatocytes from mice following depletion of the nuclear envelope protein lamina-associated polypeptide 1 (LAP1). Microscopic image analysis showed that LAP1-depleted hepatocytes contain frequent nuclear LDs, which differ from cytoplasmic LDs in their associated proteins. We found type 1 nucleoplasmic reticula, which are invaginations of the inner nuclear membrane, are often associated with nuclear LDs in these hepatocytes. Furthermore, in vivo depletion of the nuclear envelope proteins lamin A and C from mouse hepatocytes led to severely abnormal nuclear morphology, but significantly fewer nuclear LDs than were observed upon depletion of LAP1. In addition, we show both high-fat diet feeding and fasting of mice increased cytoplasmic lipids in LAP1-depleted hepatocytes but reduced nuclear LDs, demonstrating a relationship of LD formation with nutritional state. Finally, depletion of microsomal triglyceride transfer protein did not change the frequency of nuclear LDs in LAP1-depleted hepatocytes, suggesting that it is not required for the biogenesis of nuclear LDs in these cells. Together, these data show that LAP1-depleted hepatocytes represent an ideal mammalian system to investigate the biogenesis of nuclear LDs and their partitioning between the nucleus and cytoplasm in response to changes in nutritional state and cellular metabolism in vivo.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)100277
Number of pages1
JournalJournal of lipid research
Volume63
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 1 2022

Keywords

  • animal models
  • cell biology
  • high-fat diet
  • lamin
  • lipid droplet
  • liver
  • mouse genetics
  • nucleus
  • nutritional state
  • type 1 nucleoplasmic reticula

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Cell Biology

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