Heritability and genetic association analysis of neuroimaging measures in the Diabetes Heart Study

Laura M. Raffield, Amanda J. Cox, Christina E. Hugenschmidt, Barry I. Freedman, Carl D. Langefeld, Jeff D. Williamson, Fang Chi Hsu, Joseph A Maldjian, Donald W. Bowden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations

Abstract

Patients with type 2 diabetes are at increased risk of age-related cognitive decline and dementia. Neuroimaging measures such as white matter lesion volume, brain volume, and fractional anisotropy may reflect the pathogenesis of these cognitive declines, and genetic factors may contribute to variability in these measures. This study examined multiple neuroimaging measures in 465 participants from 238 families with extensive genotype data in the type 2 diabetes enriched Diabetes Heart Study-Mind cohort. Heritability of these phenotypes and their association with candidate single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), and SNP data from genome- and exome-wide arrays were explored. All neuroimaging measures analyzed were significantly heritable (ĥ2= 0.55-0.99 in unadjusted models). Seventeen candidate SNPs (from 16 genes/regions) associated with neuroimaging phenotypes in prior studies showed no significant evidence of association. A missense variant (rs150706952, A432V) in PLEKHG4B from the exome-wide array was significantly associated with white matter mean diffusivity (p= 3.66× 10-7) and gray matter mean diffusivity (p= 2.14× 10-7). This analysis suggests genetic factors contribute to variation in neuroimaging measures in a population enriched for metabolic disease and other associated comorbidities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1602.e7-1602.e15
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Volume36
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015

Keywords

  • Genetics
  • Heritability
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Type 2 diabetes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Aging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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