Heterogeneity of mouse helper T cells. Evidence from bulk cultures and limiting dilution cloning for precursors of Th1 and Th2 cells

Nancy E. Street, Jodi H. Schumacher, T. Annie T Fong, Hong Bass, David F. Fiorentino, Joanne A. Leverah, Timothy R. Mosmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

331 Scopus citations

Abstract

Many long term mouse Th clones express either the type 1 or type 2 Th cell (Th1 or Th2) cytokine secretion phenotype. In this report we present two lines of evidence for the existence of additional Th differentiation states. Lectin-stimulated spleen cells secreted moderate levels of IL-2 compared with long term Th1 clones, whereas the levels of other cytokines were more than 100-fold lower than those produced by either Th1 or Th2 clones. This suggests that many spleen cells produce substantial amounts of IL-2 but little or no IL-4, IL-5, IFN-γ, IL-3, and granulocyte/macrophage-CSF. In contrast to long term Th clones, many short term alloreactive clones displayed cytokine secretion phenotypes intermediate between the Th1 and Th2 patterns. The proportion of recognizable Th1 and Th2 clones at early times in culture was greatly increased by immunization of the mice from which the responder and stimulator cells were derived; Brucella abortus immunization resulted in the isolation of exclusively Th1 clones, whereas infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis resulted in a strong trend toward the isolation of Th2 clones. The immunization of mice from which responder cells were derived strongly affected the type of Th clone obtained, whereas the source of stimulator cells had much less effect, suggesting that the commitment of Th cells to the Th1 or Th2 phenotypes occurred mainly in vivo. A model for the possible relationships of the various Th cells is presented.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1629-1639
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunology
Volume144
Issue number5
StatePublished - Jan 1 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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    Street, N. E., Schumacher, J. H., Fong, T. A. T., Bass, H., Fiorentino, D. F., Leverah, J. A., & Mosmann, T. R. (1990). Heterogeneity of mouse helper T cells. Evidence from bulk cultures and limiting dilution cloning for precursors of Th1 and Th2 cells. Journal of Immunology, 144(5), 1629-1639.