Transcriptional activity of p53 was monitored by cotransfection of pCMV expression vectors containing wild-type and mutant p53 cDNAs into the p53-null H1299 lung cancer cells along with luciferase reporter plasmids containing different p53 target sequences in the 5' regulatory region: fragment A of the ribosomal gene cluster (RGC); p53 consensus sequence (p53CON); or a tandemly linked RGC+p53CON sequence. Our results show: (1) wild-type p53 stimulates the transcription of reporter genes with p53CON and RGC in their 5' region while most p53 mutants occurring in human cancers have lost this activity; (2) the R273H mutant retains transcriptional activity for the p53CON sequence but not RGC; (3) some mutants are temperature-sensitive for the transcriptional activity with the p53CON but not the RGC sequence; (4) p53 mutants vary in their ability to inhibit wild-type p53 transactivation but there is no difference between p53CON and RGC sequences; (5) lung cancer cells with endogenous mutant p53 proteins (M246I in H23 cells and R248L in H322 cells) retain transcriptional activity for the p53CON but not the RGC sequence. We conclude that p53 DNA target sequences vary in their response to mutant p53 proteins, and that p53 mutants vary in several transactivation related functions.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cancer Research