A child with perinatally acquired human immunodeficiency virus infection had rapidly progressive hepatic dysfunction, as had her older sibling who died. Urinary organic acid studies revealed 3-hydroxydicarboxylic aciduria, and cultured skin fibroblasts had reduced activity of 3-hydroxyl-coenzyme A dehydrogenase. The introduction of a low fat diet resulted in marked improvement in clinical status and reversal of the liver disease. This case illustrates the necessity of metabolic evaluation in patients with liver dysfunction, even when other causes of liver dysfunction are present. (J PEDIATR 1995;127:599-602).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health