Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome (IPS) is a common complication after allo-SCT and results in high mortality rates. Conventional treatment for IPS typically includes supportive care and high-dose corticosteroids (CS). Data suggests that TNF-α is important in the pathogenesis of IPS and that the TNF-α inhibitor etanercept may be useful for IPS treatment. We performed a retrospective comparison of consecutive patients treated at our center for IPS with CS only from 1999 to 2003 (group 1, n=22) or CS plus etanercept from 2004 to 2007 (group 2, n=17). In all, 18% of patients in group 1 vs 53% in group 2 were successfully taken off respiratory support and discharged from the hospital (P=0.039). OS was significantly better for recipients of CS plus etanercept (P=0.003). The estimated survival at 28 days and 2 years after IPS was 36.4% (95% CI 17-56%) and 9.1% (95% CI 2-25%) for group 1 and 88.2% (95% CI 61-97%) and 18% (95% CI 4-38%) for group 2, respectively. Our retrospective comparison suggests that the addition of etanercept to CS for IPS improves response rates and OS. However, outcomes remain limited in both groups, highlighting the need for more effective interventions to treat early and late complications of IPS.
- Idiopathic Pneumonia Syndrome
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