High-Performance Concurrent Chemo-Immuno-Radiotherapy for the Treatment of Hematologic Cancer through Selective High-Affinity Ligand Antibody Mimic-Functionalized Doxorubicin-Encapsulated Nanoparticles

Kin Man Au, Rod Balhorn, Monique C. Balhorn, Steven I. Park, Andrew Z. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Scopus citations

Abstract

Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is one of the most common types of cancer. Relapsed and refractory diseases are still common and remain significant challenges as the majority of these patients eventually succumb to the disease. Herein, we report a translatable concurrent chemo-immuno-radiotherapy (CIRT) strategy that utilizes fully synthetic antibody mimic Selective High-Affinity Ligand (SHAL)-functionalized doxorubicin-encapsulated nanoparticles (Dox NPs) for the treatment of human leukocyte antigen-D related (HLA-DR) antigen-overexpressed tumors. We demonstrated that our tailor-made antibody mimic-functionalized NPs bound selectively to different HLA-DR-overexpressed human lymphoma cells, cross-linked the cell surface HLA-DR, and triggered the internalization of NPs. In addition to the direct cytotoxic effect by Dox, the internalized NPs then released the encapsulated Dox and upregulated the HLA-DR expression of the surviving cells, which further augmented immunogenic cell death (ICD). The released Dox not only promotes ICD but also sensitizes the cancer cells to irradiation by inducing cell cycle arrest and preventing the repair of DNA damage. In vivo biodistribution and toxicity studies confirm that the targeted NPs enhanced tumor uptake and reduced systemic toxicities of Dox. Our comprehensive in vivo anticancer efficacy studies using lymphoma xenograft tumor models show that the antibody-mimic functional NPs effectively inhibit tumor growth and sensitize the cancer cells for concurrent CIRT treatment without incurring significant side effects. With an appropriate treatment schedule, the SHAL-functionalized Dox NPs enhanced the cell killing efficiency of radiotherapy by more than 100% and eradicated more than 80% of the lymphoma tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)122-144
Number of pages23
JournalACS Central Science
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 23 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

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