High prevalence of colorectal cancer in HLA-B27 transgenic F344 rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

Robert E Hammer, James A Richardson, W. A. Simmons, A. L. White, M. Breban, Joel D Taurog

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transgenic rats expressing the human major histocompatibility class I molecule HLA-B27 develop a spontaneous multisystem disease that includes a chronic colitis resembling ulcerative colitis. The availability of this phenotype in B27 transgenic rats of 2 different inbred strains provided the opportunity to inquire whether colorectal neoplasia, which occurs with increased frequency in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), would develop in either or both rat genetic backgrounds. METHODS: Clinical and histologic evaluation of B27 transgenic rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on the F344 and LEW inbred backgrounds. RESULTS: In B27 transgenic rats on an inbred F344 background, hyperplastic lesions evolved in the setting of chronic colitis, with a high frequency of colorectal polyp formation and frequent histologic progression from adenoma to adenocarcinoma. In contrast, no neoplasia occurred in B27 transgenic rats on an inbred LEW background, despite similar colitis. CONCLUSION: A high incidence of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia occurs in a line of B27 F344 rats that shares some features of both sporadic and inflammatory bowel disease-associated human colorectal cancer. This represents a novel example of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia in rodents that is not based on germline modification of one or more already-identified cancer-related genes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)262-268
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research
Volume43
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1995

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Transgenic Rats
HLA-B27 Antigen
Inbred F344 Rats
Inflammatory Bowel Diseases
Rats
Colorectal Neoplasms
Colitis
Neoplasms
Histocompatibility
Neoplasm Genes
Polyps
Ulcerative Colitis
Adenoma
Rodentia
Adenocarcinoma
Phenotype
Incidence
Genes
Availability
Molecules

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

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title = "High prevalence of colorectal cancer in HLA-B27 transgenic F344 rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease.",
abstract = "BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transgenic rats expressing the human major histocompatibility class I molecule HLA-B27 develop a spontaneous multisystem disease that includes a chronic colitis resembling ulcerative colitis. The availability of this phenotype in B27 transgenic rats of 2 different inbred strains provided the opportunity to inquire whether colorectal neoplasia, which occurs with increased frequency in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), would develop in either or both rat genetic backgrounds. METHODS: Clinical and histologic evaluation of B27 transgenic rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on the F344 and LEW inbred backgrounds. RESULTS: In B27 transgenic rats on an inbred F344 background, hyperplastic lesions evolved in the setting of chronic colitis, with a high frequency of colorectal polyp formation and frequent histologic progression from adenoma to adenocarcinoma. In contrast, no neoplasia occurred in B27 transgenic rats on an inbred LEW background, despite similar colitis. CONCLUSION: A high incidence of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia occurs in a line of B27 F344 rats that shares some features of both sporadic and inflammatory bowel disease-associated human colorectal cancer. This represents a novel example of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia in rodents that is not based on germline modification of one or more already-identified cancer-related genes.",
author = "Hammer, {Robert E} and Richardson, {James A} and Simmons, {W. A.} and White, {A. L.} and M. Breban and Taurog, {Joel D}",
year = "1995",
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T1 - High prevalence of colorectal cancer in HLA-B27 transgenic F344 rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease.

AU - Hammer, Robert E

AU - Richardson, James A

AU - Simmons, W. A.

AU - White, A. L.

AU - Breban, M.

AU - Taurog, Joel D

PY - 1995/6

Y1 - 1995/6

N2 - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transgenic rats expressing the human major histocompatibility class I molecule HLA-B27 develop a spontaneous multisystem disease that includes a chronic colitis resembling ulcerative colitis. The availability of this phenotype in B27 transgenic rats of 2 different inbred strains provided the opportunity to inquire whether colorectal neoplasia, which occurs with increased frequency in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), would develop in either or both rat genetic backgrounds. METHODS: Clinical and histologic evaluation of B27 transgenic rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on the F344 and LEW inbred backgrounds. RESULTS: In B27 transgenic rats on an inbred F344 background, hyperplastic lesions evolved in the setting of chronic colitis, with a high frequency of colorectal polyp formation and frequent histologic progression from adenoma to adenocarcinoma. In contrast, no neoplasia occurred in B27 transgenic rats on an inbred LEW background, despite similar colitis. CONCLUSION: A high incidence of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia occurs in a line of B27 F344 rats that shares some features of both sporadic and inflammatory bowel disease-associated human colorectal cancer. This represents a novel example of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia in rodents that is not based on germline modification of one or more already-identified cancer-related genes.

AB - BACKGROUND/AIMS: Transgenic rats expressing the human major histocompatibility class I molecule HLA-B27 develop a spontaneous multisystem disease that includes a chronic colitis resembling ulcerative colitis. The availability of this phenotype in B27 transgenic rats of 2 different inbred strains provided the opportunity to inquire whether colorectal neoplasia, which occurs with increased frequency in humans with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), would develop in either or both rat genetic backgrounds. METHODS: Clinical and histologic evaluation of B27 transgenic rats with chronic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) on the F344 and LEW inbred backgrounds. RESULTS: In B27 transgenic rats on an inbred F344 background, hyperplastic lesions evolved in the setting of chronic colitis, with a high frequency of colorectal polyp formation and frequent histologic progression from adenoma to adenocarcinoma. In contrast, no neoplasia occurred in B27 transgenic rats on an inbred LEW background, despite similar colitis. CONCLUSION: A high incidence of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia occurs in a line of B27 F344 rats that shares some features of both sporadic and inflammatory bowel disease-associated human colorectal cancer. This represents a novel example of spontaneous colorectal neoplasia in rodents that is not based on germline modification of one or more already-identified cancer-related genes.

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