High-resolution proton density weighted three-dimensional fast spin echo (3D-FSE) of the knee with IDEAL at 1.5 tesla: Comparison with 3D-FSE and 2D-FSE-initial experience

Colm J. McMahon, Ananth J. Madhuranthakam, Jim S. Wu, Corrie M. Yablon, Jesse L. Wei, Neil M. Rofsky, Mary G. Hochman

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Purpose: To assess the feasibility of combining three-dimensional fast spin echo (3D-FSE) and Iterative-decomposition-of water-and-fat-with-echo asymmetry-and-least-squares-estimation (IDEAL) at 1.5 Tesla (T), generating a high-resolution 3D isotropic proton density-weighted image set with and without "fat-suppression" (FS) in a single acquisition, and to compare with 2D-FSE and 3D-FSE (without IDEAL). Materials and Methods: Ten asymptomatic volunteers prospectively underwent sagittal 3D-FSE-IDEAL, 3D-FSE, and 2D-FSE sequences at 1.5T (slice thickness [ST]: 0.8 mm, 0.8 mm, and 3.5 mm, respectively). 3D-FSE and 2D-FSE were repeated with frequency-selective FS. Fluid, cartilage, and muscle signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) and fluid-cartilage contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR) were compared among sequences. Three blinded reviewers independently scored quality of menisci/cartilage depiction for all sequences. "Fat-suppression" was qualitatively scored and compared among sequences. Results: 3D-FSE-IDEAL fluid-cartilage CNR was higher than in 2D-FSE (P < 0.05), not different from 3D-FSE (P = 0.31). There was no significant difference in fluid SNR among sequences. 2D-FSE cartilage SNR was higher than in 3D FSE-IDEAL (P < 0.05), not different to 3D-FSE (P = 0.059). 2D-FSE muscle SNR was higher than in 3D-FSE-IDEAL (P < 0.05) and 3D-FSE (P < 0.05). Good or excellent depiction of menisci/cartilage was achieved using 3D-FSE-IDEAL in the acquired sagittal and reformatted planes. Excellent, homogeneous "fat-suppression" was achieved using 3D-FSE-IDEAL, superior to FS-3D-FSE and FS-2D-FSE (P < 0.05). Conclusion: 3D FSE-IDEAL is a feasible approach to acquire multiplanar images of diagnostic quality, both with and without homogeneous "fat-suppression" from a single acquisition.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)361-369
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Magnetic Resonance Imaging
Issue number2
StatePublished - Feb 1 2012



  • imaging
  • joint
  • knee
  • magnetic resonance imaging
  • musculoskeletal system
  • three dimensional

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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