Higher natriuretic peptide levels associate with a favorable adipose tissue distribution profile

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64 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives The goal of this study was to investigate the association between natriuretic peptides and body fat distribution in a multiethnic cohort. Background Natriuretic peptides stimulate lipolysis, reduce weight gain, and promote adipocyte browning in animal models, but data are lacking in humans. Methods A total of 2,619 participants without heart failure in the Dallas Heart Study underwent measurements of 1) B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and N-terminal pro-B-type natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP); and 2) body fat distribution by dual energy x-ray absorptiometry and magnetic resonance imaging. Cross-sectional associations of natriuretic peptides with adiposity phenotypes were examined after adjustment for age, sex, race, comorbidities, and body mass index. Results Median BNP and NT-proBNP levels in the study cohort (mean age 44 years; 56% women, 48% African Americans, 32% obese) were 3.0 and 28.1 pg/ml, respectively. Natriuretic peptide levels above the median were associated with a more favorable body fat profile and less insulin resistance, including lower visceral fat, liver fat, and homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index, and increased lower body fat and higher adiponectin (p < 0.05 for each). In multivariable analyses, NT-proBNP remained inversely associated with visceral fat (beta coefficient = -0.08; p < 0.0001) and liver fat (beta coefficient = -0.14; p < 0.0001) and positively associated with lower body fat (beta coefficient = 0.07; p < 0.0001) independent of age, sex, race, and obesity status; findings were similar with BNP. Adjustment for body composition, homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance index, circulating androgens, and adipocytokines did not attenuate the associations. Conclusions Higher natriuretic peptide levels were independently associated with a favorable adiposity profile, characterized by decreased visceral and liver fat and increased lower body fat, suggesting a link between the heart and adipose tissue distribution mediated through natriuretic peptides.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)752-760
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of the American College of Cardiology
Volume62
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2013

Keywords

  • body fat distribution
  • insulin resistance
  • natriuretic peptides
  • visceral fat

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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