Pluripotency refers to the potential of cells to generate all cell types of the embryo proper. Pluripotency spans a spectrum of cellular states. At one polar extreme is naïve pluripotency, which is identified based on the potential to form germline chimeras. At the other polar extreme is primed pluripotency, in which pluripotent cells are primed to differentiate. Mouse naïve PS cells can be derived from preimplantation embryos. Primed epiblast stem (EpiS) cells are typically isolated from epiblasts of early postimplantation mouse embryos. In this chapter, we describe protocols for highly efficient derivation and propagation of murine naïve and primed PS cell lines in serum-free conditions from preimplantation and postimplantation embryos. We describe generation of mouse naïve PS cells using LIF and inhibitors of MEK and GSK3 kinases and of mouse primed PS cells using FGF2 and IWR1 compound which induces the stabilization of Axin proteins.