Highly ordered mesoporous silica structures templated by poly(butylene oxide) segment di- and tri-block copolymers

Chengzhong Yu, Yonghao Yu, Lei Miao, Dongyuan Zhao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

48 Scopus citations

Abstract

Highly ordered mesoporous silica structures including body-centered cubic (Im 3̄ m), two-dimensional hexagonal (p6mm) and lamellar (Lα) symmetries have been synthesized by using hydrophobic poly(butylene oxide) moiety diblock and triblock copolymers as structure-directing agents. Under acidic condition, highly ordered, caged cubic mesoporous silica structures (FDU-1, Im 3̄ m) with a large cell parameter (a = 220 Ä) can be formed in the presence of triblock poly(ethylene oxide)-poly(butylene oxide)-poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO-PBO-PEO) copolymer such as EO39BO47EO39. Calcined FDU-1 has a largest pore size of 120 Å among all known cubic silica mesostructures, a pore volume of 0.77 cm3/g, and a BET surface area of 740 m2/g. Diblock poly(butylene oxide)-poly (ethylene oxide) (PBO-PEO) copolymer such as BO10 EO16 favors to yield highly ordered two-dimensional hexagonal (p6mm) silica mesostructures with a well-uniformed pore size of 60 Å and a large BET surface area of 902 m2/g. Lamellar (Lα) mesostructures can also be obtained when high concentration diblock copolymer is used as the structure-directing agent. The calcined cubic mesostructured silica FDU-I is hydrothermally stable in boiling water for at least nine days.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)65-72
Number of pages8
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume44-45
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2001

Keywords

  • Block copolymer
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Synthesis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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