Hispanics, Blacks and Whites driving under the influence of alcohol: Results from the 1995 National Alcohol Survey

Raul Caetano, Catherine L. Clark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To report nationwide survey data on patterns of driving under the influence of alcohol among Whites, Blacks and Hispanics. Method: Data were obtained from a probability sample consisting of 1582 Blacks, 1585 Hispanics and 1636 Whites in the US household population. Interviews averaging 1 h in length were conducted in respondents' homes by trained interviewers. Results: Self-reported rates of driving a car after having drunk enough 'to be in trouble if stopped by the police' were highest among White and Hispanic men (22 and 21%, respectively), as were lifetime arrest rates for driving under the influence of alcohol (13% for White men, 19% for Hispanic men). Additionally, our analyses suggest that drinkers who drive under the influence of alcohol are more likely to be men (regardless of ethnicity), consume more alcohol, and be alcohol dependent than drinkers who do not engage in alcohol-impaired driving.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-64
Number of pages8
JournalAccident Analysis and Prevention
Volume32
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2000

Keywords

  • Alcohol drinking
  • Blacks
  • Driving
  • Ethnic groups
  • Hispanic americans

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Human Factors and Ergonomics
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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