Histone deacetylases 1 and 2 maintain S-phase chromatin and DNA replication fork progression

Srividya Bhaskara, Vincent Jacques, James R. Rusche, Eric N. Olson, Bradley R. Cairns, Mahesh B. Chandrasekharan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play a critical role in the maintenance of genome stability. Class I HDACs, histone deacetylase 1 and 2 (Hdac1 and Hdac2) are recruited to the replication fork by virtue of their interactions with the replication machinery. However, functions for Hdac1 and Hdac2 (Hdacs1,2) in DNA replication are not fully understood. Results: Using genetic knockdown systems and novel Hdacs1,2-selective inhibitors, we found that loss of Hdacs1,2 leads to a reduction in the replication fork velocity, and an increase in replication stress response culminating in DNA damage. These observed defects are due to a direct role for Hdacs1,2 in DNA replication, as transcription of genes involved in replication was not affected in the absence of Hdacs1,2. We found that loss of Hdacs1,2 functions increases histone acetylation (ac) on chromatin in S-phase cells and affects nascent chromatin structure, as evidenced by the altered sensitivity of newly synthesized DNA to nuclease digestion. Specifically, H4K16ac, a histone modification involved in chromatin decompaction, is increased on nascent chromatin upon abolishing Hdacs1,2 activities. It was previously shown that H4K16ac interferes with the functions of SMARCA5, an ATP-dependent ISWI family chromatin remodeler. We found SMARCA5 also associates with nascent DNA and loss of SMARCA5 decreases replication fork velocity similar to the loss or inhibition of Hdacs1,2. Conclusions: Our studies reveal important roles for Hdacs1,2 in nascent chromatin structure maintenance and regulation of SMARCA5 chromatin-remodeler function, which together are required for proper replication fork progression and genome stability in S-phase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number27
JournalEpigenetics and Chromatin
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 19 2013

Keywords

  • Chromatin remodelers
  • Hdacs1
  • Hdacs2
  • Nascent chromatin
  • Replication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics

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