More than 1.1 million people are living in the United States with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection. Approximately 260,000 are receiving antiretroviral therapy, although many more are in need of treatment and are either unaware of their infection or not adequately engaged in medical care. Admission to hospital remains a frequent event for patients infected with HIV. Starting, changing, or continuing antiretroviral therapy is a frequent occurrence during admission. The hospitalist must be familiar with the basic management of these medications, including dosing, assessing for side effects, avoiding significant drug interactions, and recognizing when to consult an HIV specialist.
- Antiretroviral therapy
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