Hmga2 Promotes Neural Stem Cell Self-Renewal in Young but Not Old Mice by Reducing p16Ink4a and p19Arf Expression

Jinsuke Nishino, Injune Kim, Kiran Chada, Sean J. Morrison

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

410 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Stem cells persist throughout life in diverse tissues by undergoing self-renewing divisions. Self-renewal capacity declines with age, partly because of increasing expression of the tumor suppressor p16Ink4a. We discovered that the Hmga2 transcriptional regulator is highly expressed in fetal neural stem cells but that expression declines with age. This decrease is partly caused by the increasing expression of let-7b microRNA, which is known to target HMGA2. Hmga2-deficient mice show reduced stem cell numbers and self-renewal throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems of fetal and young-adult mice but not old-adult mice. Furthermore, p16Ink4a and p19Arf expression were increased in Hmga2-deficient fetal and young-adult stem cells, and deletion of p16Ink4a and/or p19Arf partially restored self-renewal capacity. let-7b overexpression reduced Hmga2 and increased p16Ink4a/p19Arf expression. Hmga2 thus promotes fetal and young-adult stem cell self-renewal by decreasing p16Ink4a/p19Arf expression. Changes in let-7 and Hmga2 expression during aging contribute to the decline in neural stem cell function.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)227-239
Number of pages13
JournalCell
Volume135
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 17 2008

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Neural Stem Cells
Stem cells
Young Adult
Adult Stem Cells
Fetal Stem Cells
Peripheral Nervous System
MicroRNAs
Stem Cells
Central Nervous System
Cell Count
Neurology
Cell Self Renewal
Tumors
Neoplasms
Aging of materials
Tissue

Keywords

  • STEMCELL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

Cite this

Hmga2 Promotes Neural Stem Cell Self-Renewal in Young but Not Old Mice by Reducing p16Ink4a and p19Arf Expression. / Nishino, Jinsuke; Kim, Injune; Chada, Kiran; Morrison, Sean J.

In: Cell, Vol. 135, No. 2, 17.10.2008, p. 227-239.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Nishino, Jinsuke ; Kim, Injune ; Chada, Kiran ; Morrison, Sean J. / Hmga2 Promotes Neural Stem Cell Self-Renewal in Young but Not Old Mice by Reducing p16Ink4a and p19Arf Expression. In: Cell. 2008 ; Vol. 135, No. 2. pp. 227-239.
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