Cytogenetic analyses of non-small cell lung cancer have revealed deletions of the short arm of chromosome 9 with breakpoints at 9p11-pter in a significant proportion of tumors. Recent evidence suggests that homozygous loss of the interferon (IFN) and methylthioadenosine phosphorylase (MTAP) genes located on 9p and a tumor suppressor gene closely linked to them is associated with acute lymphoblastic leukemia and with gliomas. We have observed alterations of DNA sequences on 9p which include the IFN genes at a significant frequency in all types of human lung cancers (20 of 56 or 36%). The genetic alterations observed include homozygous or hemizygous deletions of the IFN genes as well as rearrangement of contiguous DNA sequences. In addition to these genomic alterations, 10 of 22 (45%) cell lines examined lacked MTAP enzyme activity. Overall, 24 of 56 (43%) lung cancer cell lines examined had hemizygous or homozygous loss of DNA sequences which include the IFN or MTAP genes. These findings suggest that the putative tumor suppressor gene at this locus contributes to the malignant process in lung cancers, as well as other types of human cancer.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|State||Published - May 1993|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research