Hospital case volume is associated with mortality in patients hospitalized with subarachnoid hemorrhage

Shyam Prabhakaran, Gregg C. Fonarow, Eric E. Smith, Li Liang, Ying Xian, Megan Neely, Eric D. Peterson, Lee H. Schwamm

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Prior studies have suggested that hospital case volume may be associated with improved outcomes after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH), but contemporary national data are limited. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between hospital case volume for SAH and in-hospital mortality. METHODS: Using the Get With The Guidelines-Stroke registry, we analyzed patients with a discharge diagnosis of SAH between April 2003 and March 2012. We assessed the association of annual SAH case volume with in-hospital mortality by using multivariable logistic regression adjusting for relevant patient, hospital, and geographic characteristics. RESULTS: Among 31,973 patients with SAH from 685 hospitals, the median annual case volume per hospital was 8.5 (25th-75th percentile, 6.7-12.9) patients. Mean in-hospital mortality was 25.7%, but was lower with increasing annual SAH volume: 29.5% in quartile 1 (range, 4-6.6), 27.0% in quartile 2 (range, 6.7-8.5), 24.1% in quartile 3 (range, 8.5-12.7), and 22.1% in quartile 4 (range, 12.9-94.5). Adjusting for patient and hospital characteristics, hospital SAH volume was independently associated with in-hospital mortality (adjusted odds ratio 0.79 for quartile 4 vs 1, 95% confidence interval, 0.67-0.92). The quartile of SAH volume also was associated with length of stay but not with discharge home or independent ambulatory status. CONCLUSION: In a large nationwide registry, we observed that patients treated at hospitals with higher volumes of SAH patients have lower in-hospital mortality, independent of patient and hospital characteristics. Our data suggest that experienced centers may provide more optimized care for SAH patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)500-508
Number of pages9
JournalNeurosurgery
Volume75
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Comprehensive stroke centers
  • Quality of care
  • Referral bias

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Clinical Neurology

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