Background: The massive transfusion protocol (MTP) is designed to quickly provide blood products at a fixed ratio for the exsanguinating patient. At our academic medical center, the frequency of MTP activation increased over 10-fold between 2008 and 2015, putting inordinate stress on our transfusion service. Study design and methods: Gathering a large number of relevant stakeholders, we performed a multidisciplinary root cause analysis (RCA) in response to the acute clinical need to reform our MTP. Results: Through the RCA, we identified four principal opportunities for improvement (OFI) associated with our MTP: education, stewardship, process improvement, and communication. Through the deployment of new approaches to each of these OFI, we reduced MTP activations, blood product waste, and transfusion service technologist stress. Conclusion: The MTP is amenable to improvement, and, although time intensive, the RCA process yields significant favorable effects: improving communication with colleagues, reducing stress within the transfusion service, and improving resource utilization. Activation of the MTP at our institution is now more aligned with its primary purpose: rapidly providing large quantities of blood products to exsanguinating patients.
- massive transfusion protocols
- transfusion practice
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy