Human GW182 Paralogs Are the Central Organizers for RNA-Mediated Control of Transcription

Jessica A. Hicks, Liande Li, Masayuki Matsui, Yongjun Chu, Oleg Volkov, Krystal C. Johnson, David R. Corey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In the cytoplasm, small RNAs can control mammalian translation by regulating the stability of mRNA. In the nucleus, small RNAs can also control transcription and splicing. The mechanisms for RNA-mediated nuclear regulation are not understood and remain controversial, hindering the effective application of nuclear RNAi and investigation of its natural regulatory roles. Here, we reveal that the human GW182 paralogs TNRC6A/B/C are central organizing factors critical to RNA-mediated transcriptional activation. Mass spectrometry of purified nuclear lysates followed by experimental validation demonstrates that TNRC6A interacts with proteins involved in protein degradation, RNAi, the CCR4-NOT complex, the mediator complex, and histone-modifying complexes. Functional analysis implicates TNRC6A, NAT10, MED14, and WDR5 in RNA-mediated transcriptional activation. These findings describe protein complexes capable of bridging RNA-mediated sequence-specific recognition of noncoding RNA transcripts with the regulation of gene transcription.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1543-1552
Number of pages10
JournalCell Reports
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2017

Keywords

  • argonaute
  • GW182
  • mass spectrometry
  • nucleus
  • RNA activation
  • RNAi
  • TNRC6A
  • transcription

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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