Human immune response against outer membrane proteins of Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis determined by immunoblotting and enzyme immunoassay

M. E. Helminen, R. Beach, I. Maciver, G. Jarosik, E. J. Hansen, M. Leinonen

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19 Scopus citations


The role of Moraxella (Branhamella) catarrhalis as a respiratory tract pathogen is increasingly recognized. We looked at the human immune response against individual outer membrane proteins of M. catarrhalis and against the 81-kDa CopB protein, which has previously been shown to be a target for protective antibodies. Paired serum samples from six elderly patients with pneumonia were tested by Western blot (immunoblot) analysis by using outer membrane vesicles of M. catarrhalis 035E as antigen. All of the six convalescent-phase scrum samples reacted with a protein which migrated at the position of the CopB protein and with a high-molecular-weight protein of M. catarrhalis; three serum samples also reacted with a 34-kDa outer membrane protein. Paired serum samples from 18 patients, 10 of which had M. catarrhalis infection on the basis of previous serology results, were tested by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) with the CopB protein and whole cells of M. catarrhalis 035E as antigens. Nine patients showed a significant rise in EIA titer between acute- and convalescent-phase sera when whole bacterial cells were used as antigens. Six (67%) patient samples that were positive by the EIA with the whole-cell antigen were also positive by the EIA with the CopB antigen, and six of nine patient samples negative by the EIA with the whole-cell antigen were also negative by the EIA with the CopB antigen. These results suggest that both the CopB and a high-molecular-weight protein are major targets of the immune response against M. catarrhalis, and further studies with greater amounts of patient materials are needed to elucidate the usefulness of CopB as an antigen in etiologic studies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-39
Number of pages5
JournalClinical and Diagnostic Laboratory Immunology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1995


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Microbiology (medical)

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