Current evidence suggests that endothelium-derived factors enhance human melanoma vascular invasion. Therefore, we studied human melanoma cell expression of receptors to the endothelium-derived peptide, endothelin-1 (ET-1), and determined if they respond to ET-1 with proliferation and chemokinesis. Human metastatic melanoma cell lines were found to have specific, saturable, high affinity ET-1 binding. Northern analysis and competitive inhibition studies confirmed that melanoma cells express the ETB receptor isoform. Ten nanomolar ET-1 caused an 8.2 to 25.5-fold increase in intracellular free calcium. ET-1 was found to be a weak mitogen for melanoma cells, however, melanoma cell chemokinesis was significantly increased by ET-1. These data suggest that ET-1 may be involved in providing a chemokinetic and growth factor environment that enhances perivascular proliferation and invasiveness of melanoma cells.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - May 30 1994|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology