Context.-The use of immunosuppression to avoid allograft rejection within the host creates the opportunity for unchecked development of malignancy in the posttransplantation setting. These malignancies frequently show association with human papillomavirus. Within this specific patient population understanding the oncogenic role of this virus is vital for prompt recognition and treatment of malignancy and precursor lesions as well as the institution of appropriate preventive measures. Objective.-To review the role of human papillomavirus in the development of malignancies and their precursor lesions in the posttransplantation setting. Data Sources.-The study comprised a review of the literature. Conclusions.-The development of human papillomavirus-related malignancies in transplantation patients is dependent on several factors, such as virus subtype, length of immunosuppression, and type of immunosuppressive therapy. Malignancies within these patients differ from those in the general population in terms of pathogenesis, frequency, and recurrence rate, and therefore require further understanding to allow for optimal surveillance and clinical management.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pathology and Forensic Medicine
- Medical Laboratory Technology