Hypertension and hypertension severity in Hispanics/Latinx with MS

Michael V. Robers, Chan Chan, Borna Vajdi, Horacio Chiong-Rivero, Andrea Martinez, Margaret E. Burnett, Murali Ramanathan, Lilyana Amezcua

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Vascular comorbidities (VCs) including hypertension (HTN) are associated with worse multiple sclerosis (MS) outcomes. HTN is common in Latinx, but the prevalence and relationship with disability are unknown in Latinx with MS. Methods: Latinx (n = 451) from the Alliance for Research in Hispanic MS (ARHMS) seen between 2007 and 2019 were included. HTN, diabetes (DM), hyperlipidemia (HLD), ischemic events, and smoking were considered VC. Blood pressures (BPs) were classified using the American Heart Association (AHA) criteria. Logistic regression determined associations between VC and ambulatory disability accounting for age, sex, and disease duration. Results: Medical comorbidities were found in 41.9% and VC in 24.2%. Smoking (13.6%) and HTN (7.3%) were the most common. HTN was the most common over the age of 40 (12.6%). The odds of having severe disability were three times higher for those with HTN (odds ratio [OR], 3.12; 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.37–7.12). Stage II HTN according to AHA also tripled the odds (OR, 2.89; 95%CI, 1.11–7.55). AHA BP confirmed HTN in 27.5% (compared to 7.3% with established diagnosis). Conclusion: HTN diagnosis and stage II HTN defined by AHA were independently associated with severe ambulatory disability in Latinx with MS. HTN was underdiagnosed. Future studies should assess whether HTN treatment control would prevent disability in MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalMultiple Sclerosis Journal
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • disability
  • Hispanic
  • hypertension
  • Latinx
  • Multiple sclerosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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