Hypothesis: Physiologic role of pancreatic somatostatin and the contribution of D-cell disorders to diabetes mellitus

Roger H Unger, E. Ipp, L. Schusdziarra, L. Orci

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Scopus citations

Abstract

The demonstration of direct inhibitory actions of pharmacologic doses of somatostatin upon gastrointestinal function suggests the possibility that somatostatin may be a physiologic regulator of the rate of nutrient entry from the gut and thus provide the A-, B-, and D-cells with an influence over all avenues of nutrient flux. If so, the relative reduction in somatostatin-containing cells in the pancreatic islets of obese hyperglycemic mice might be responsible for some or all of the metabolic derangements of the obese hyperglycemic syndrome of mice, and conceivably its human counterpart as well. Hyposomatostatinemia would permit accelerated gastrointestinal function with more rapid entry of nutrients; higher postprandial nutrient levels would cause hyperinsulinemia and reduce the insulin sensitivity of glucoregulatory tissues. As hyperglycemia increased, the B-cell response to hyperglycemia would wane, further escalating the metabolic derangement. By contrast with the obese hyperglycemic syndrome, diabetes characterized by marked dimunution in B-cells is associated with an apparent augmentation of D-cells, perhaps reflecting a futile compensatory effort of D-cells to correct the hyperglycemia of insulin deficiency by inhibiting the entry rate of exogenous nutrients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2081-2086
Number of pages6
JournalLife Sciences
Volume20
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 15 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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