Identification and characterization of a novel type of annexin-membrane interaction: Ca2+ is not required for the association of annexin II with early endosomes

Matthias Jost, Dagmar Zeuschner, Joachim Seemann, Klaus Weber, Volker Gerke

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94 Scopus citations


Annexin II, a member of a family of Ca2+ and membrane binding proteins, has been implicated in regulating membrane organization and membrane transport during endocytosis and Ca2+ regulated secretion. To characterize the mechanistic aspects of the annexin II action we studied parameters which determine the endosomal association of annexin II. Immunoblot analysis of subcellular membrane fractions prepared from BHK cells in the presence of a Ca2+ chelating agent reveals that annexin II remains associated with endosomal membranes under such conditions. This annexin II behaviour is atypical for the Ca2+ regulated annexins and is corroborated by the finding that ectopically expressed annexin II mutants with inactivated Ca2+ binding sites continue to co-fractionate with endosomal membranes. The Ca2+-independent membrane association of annexin II is also not affected by introducing mutations interfering with the complex formation of annexin II with its intracellular protein ligand p11. However, a deletion of the unique N-terminal domain of annexin II, in particular the sequence spanning residues 15 to 24, abolishes the Ca2+-independent association of the protein with endosomes. These results describe a novel, Ca2+-independent type of annexin-membrane interaction and provide a first explanation for the observed preference of different annexins for different cellular membranes. In the case of annexin II this specificity could be mediated through specific membrane receptors interacting with a unique sequence in the annexin II molecule.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)221-228
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of cell science
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jan 1 1997


  • Ca/phospholipid binding protein
  • Endocytosis
  • Membrane-cytoskeleton interaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cell Biology


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