Identification and characterization of cDNA clones encoding hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA: tyramine N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase from tobacco

Mary Jo Farmer, Pierre Czernic, Anthony Michael, Jonathan Negrel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

33 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The sequences of three cDNA clones that include the complete coding region of hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:tyramine N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (THT) from tobacco are reported. The three cDNAs were isolated by antibody screening of a cDNA expression library produced from poly(A)+RNA purified from tobacco leaves (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bottom Special), previously infiltrated with an incompatible strain of Ralstonia solanacearum. The identity of these clones was confirmed by the detection of THT activity in extracts of transformed Escherichia coli and by matching the translated polypeptides with tryptic enzyme sequences. cDNA clones tht4 and tht11 differ only by their 5' leader and 3' UTRs and therefore encode the same protein, whereas tht10 and tht11 exhibit 95 and 99% sequence identity at the DNA and deduced amino acid levels, respectively. The three clones encode proteins of 226 amino acids with calculated molecular masses of 26 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequences show no similarity with the sequence of anthranilate hydroxycinnamoyl/benzoyltransferase from Dianthus caryophyllus, the only enzyme exhibiting hydroxycinnamoyltransferase activity to be cloned so far in plants. In contrast, comparison of the THT amino acid sequence with protein sequence databases revealed substantial homology with mammalian diamine acetyltransferases. The THT clones hybridized to a 0.95-kb mRNA from elicited tobacco cell-suspension cultures and also to a mRNA of similar size from wound-healing potato tubers. The messengers for THT were also found to be expressed at relatively high levels in tobacco root tissues. Southern hybridization of tobacco genomic DNA with THT cDNA suggests that several copies of the THT gene occur in the tobacco genome. Inhibition experiments using amino-acid-specific reagents demonstrated that both histidyl and cysteyl residues are required for THT activity. In the course of these experiments THT was also found to be inhibited by (2-hydroxyphenyl) amino sulfinyl acetic acid 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, an irreversible inhibitor of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)686-694
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Journal of Biochemistry
Volume263
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 1999

Fingerprint

Tyramine
Tobacco
Coenzyme A
Complementary DNA
Clone Cells
Amino Acids
Messenger RNA
Amino Acid Sequence
Dianthus
Ralstonia solanacearum
Genes
Nucleic Acid Hybridization
Protein Databases
N-hydroxycinnamoyltyramine
DNA
Proteins
3' Untranslated Regions
Enzymes
Solanum tuberosum
Gene Library

Keywords

  • Hydroxycinnamoyltransferase
  • Hypersensitive reaction
  • Nicotiana tabacum L.
  • Ralstonia solanacearum
  • Tyramine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry

Cite this

Identification and characterization of cDNA clones encoding hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA : tyramine N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase from tobacco. / Farmer, Mary Jo; Czernic, Pierre; Michael, Anthony; Negrel, Jonathan.

In: European Journal of Biochemistry, Vol. 263, No. 3, 01.08.1999, p. 686-694.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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abstract = "The sequences of three cDNA clones that include the complete coding region of hydroxycinnamoyl-CoA:tyramine N-hydroxycinnamoyltransferase (THT) from tobacco are reported. The three cDNAs were isolated by antibody screening of a cDNA expression library produced from poly(A)+RNA purified from tobacco leaves (Nicotiana tabacum cv. Bottom Special), previously infiltrated with an incompatible strain of Ralstonia solanacearum. The identity of these clones was confirmed by the detection of THT activity in extracts of transformed Escherichia coli and by matching the translated polypeptides with tryptic enzyme sequences. cDNA clones tht4 and tht11 differ only by their 5' leader and 3' UTRs and therefore encode the same protein, whereas tht10 and tht11 exhibit 95 and 99{\%} sequence identity at the DNA and deduced amino acid levels, respectively. The three clones encode proteins of 226 amino acids with calculated molecular masses of 26 kDa. The deduced amino acid sequences show no similarity with the sequence of anthranilate hydroxycinnamoyl/benzoyltransferase from Dianthus caryophyllus, the only enzyme exhibiting hydroxycinnamoyltransferase activity to be cloned so far in plants. In contrast, comparison of the THT amino acid sequence with protein sequence databases revealed substantial homology with mammalian diamine acetyltransferases. The THT clones hybridized to a 0.95-kb mRNA from elicited tobacco cell-suspension cultures and also to a mRNA of similar size from wound-healing potato tubers. The messengers for THT were also found to be expressed at relatively high levels in tobacco root tissues. Southern hybridization of tobacco genomic DNA with THT cDNA suggests that several copies of the THT gene occur in the tobacco genome. Inhibition experiments using amino-acid-specific reagents demonstrated that both histidyl and cysteyl residues are required for THT activity. In the course of these experiments THT was also found to be inhibited by (2-hydroxyphenyl) amino sulfinyl acetic acid 1,1-dimethylethyl ester, an irreversible inhibitor of cinnamyl alcohol dehydrogenase.",
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