Identification and validation of genes involved in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer using cDNA microarrays and RNA interference

Noelle Sevilir Williams, Richard B. Gaynor, Shane Scoggin, Udit Verma, Tunc Gokaslan, Clifford Simmang, Jason Fleming, Denise Tavana, Eugene Frenkel, Carlos Becerra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

192 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to profile gene expression changes in colorectal tumors to identify new targets and strategies for the management of this disease. Experimental Design: cDNA microarray analysis was used to detect differences in gene expression between normal tissue and colon tumors and polyps isolated from 20 patients. To identify genes that are important in regulating the growth properties of colorectal cancer, RNA interference (RNAi) was used to disrupt expression of several of the overexpressed genes in a colon tumor cell line, HCT116, which showed similar patterns of gene expression as many of the patient tumors. Results: Expression changes of ≥2-fold in approximately one-third of the patients were consistently observed for 2632 of a total of 9592 genes (574 up-regulated genes and 2058 down-regulated genes). Subsequent analysis of 13 genes by quantitative real-time PCR confirmed the reliability of this analysis. RNAi-mediated disruption of the expression of one of these genes, survivin, a potent inhibitor of apoptosis, severely reduced tumor growth both in vitro and in an in vivo xenograft model. Conclusions: The combined use of microarray analysis and RNAi provides an excellent system to define the role of specific genes that are up-regulated in cancer lead to the increased in vitro and in vivo growth of colon tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)931-946
Number of pages16
JournalClinical Cancer Research
Volume9
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Williams, N. S., Gaynor, R. B., Scoggin, S., Verma, U., Gokaslan, T., Simmang, C., Fleming, J., Tavana, D., Frenkel, E., & Becerra, C. (2003). Identification and validation of genes involved in the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer using cDNA microarrays and RNA interference. Clinical Cancer Research, 9(3), 931-946.