Rho GTPases play a fundamental role in numerous cellular processes that are initiated by extracellular stimuli including agonists that work through G protein-coupled receptors. A direct pathway for such regulation was elucidated by the identification of p 115 RhoGEF, an exchange factor for RhoA that is activated through its RGS domain by Gα13. Endogenous p115 RhoGEF was found mainly in the cytosol of serum-starved cells but partially localized to membranes in cells stimulated with lysophosphatidic acid. Overexpressed p115 Rho-GEF was equally distributed between membranes and cytosol; either the RGS or pleckstrin homology domain was sufficient for this partial targeting to membranes. Removal of the pleckstrin homology domain dramatically reduced the in vitro rate of p115 RhoGEF exchange activity. Deletion of amino acids 252-288 in the linker region between the RGS domain and the Dbl homology domain or of the last 150 C-terminal amino acids resulted in non-additive reduction of in vitro exchange activity. In contrast, p115 RhoGEF pieces lacking this extended C terminus were over 5-fold more active than the full-length exchange factor in vivo. These results suggest that p115 RhoGEF is inhibited in the cellular milieu through modification or interaction of inhibitory factors with its C terminus. Endogenous p115 RhoGEF that was immunoprecipitated from cells stimulated with lysophosphatidic acid or sphingosine 1-phosphate was more active than when the enzyme was immunoprecipitated from untreated cells. This indicates an additional and potentially novel long lived mechanism for regulation of p115 RhoGEF by G protein-coupled receptors.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - Aug 3 2001|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology