Mutations in the presenilin 1 gene have been shown to result in Alzheimer's disease. Presenilin 1 is a multi-transmembrane protein with a large hydrophilic loop near the C-terminus. This region is required for known functions of presenilin 1. We have constrained this loop within the active site of the bacterial protein, thioredoxin, to mimic its native conformational state. This hybrid protein was used as bait in a yeast two hybrid screen in an attempt to identify presenilin binding proteins. By this method syntaxin 1A, a synaptic plasma membrane protein, was identified as a novel binding protein for presenilin 1. In vitro experiments confirm the two-hybrid results suggesting that PS1 binds syntaxin under physiological conditions. Theme: Disorders of the nervous system. Topic: Degenerative disease: Alzheimer's - other. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.
- Alzheimer's disease
- Presenilin 1
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cellular and Molecular Neuroscience