IL-7 plays a central role in regulating the growth and differentiation of T cells. We have reported previously that epidermal keratinocytes produce biologically relevant amounts of IL-7, thereby supporting the growth of epidermal γδ T cells. In this report, we report that IL-7 gene expression is regulated in keratinocytes by IFN-γ. Treatment of Pam 212 keratinocytes with IFN-γ induced a preferential expression of 2.6- and 1.5-kb IL-7 mRNAs, in addition to the 2.9- and 1.7-kb mRNAs that are expressed constitutively. The 2.6- and 1.5-kb mRNAs are produced through the use of alternative transcription initiation sites; these mRNAs are transcribed within 250 bp from the coding sequence, whereas 2.9- and 1.7-kb mRNAs contain >400 bases in the 5'-untranslated region. IFN-γ appears to promote this conversion through the IFN-stimulated response element (ISRE), which is located 270 bp upstream from the coding sequence. ISRE is followed by the initiator, a non-TATA-type transcription control element. Functional relevance of the ISRE/initiator complex was suggested by the observations that IFN-γ-dependent transcription was initiated from immediately downstream of this complex, and that its deletion resulted in an abrogated IFN-γ responsiveness in transcriptional regulation. These results document a novel mechanism by which IL-7 gene expression is regulated in keratinocytes by a cytokine produced by T cells (IFN-γ).
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Immunology|
|State||Published - Jan 1 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy