Patient non-compliance and drop-out can bias analyses of clinical trial data. I describe a parametric model for treatment cross-over and drop-out and demonstrate how the concept of ignorability, originally defined for incomplete-data problems, can elucidate sources of bias in clinical trials. I discuss some implications of the theory and present simulation examples that illustrate the potential effects of non-ignorable cross-over and drop-out on bias and power.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||Statistics in Medicine|
|State||Published - Sep 30 1999|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Statistics and Probability